South Dakota Department of Health
Office of Disease Prevention - 605-773-3737 — (1-800-592-1861 in South Dakota only)
How you CAN get HIV infection/AIDS
Blood, semen, vaginal secretions, breast feeding
How you WONT get HIV infection/AIDS
Not through saliva, tears, urine, stool
Unprotected sexual contact (anal, vaginal, or oral) with an HIV infected person
Sharing needles and syringes - injectable drug use
Receiving blood transfusions or organs between January 1977 and June 1985 (blood and organs received after June 1985 are considered safe from HIV)
Mother to baby before, during, or after birth (HIV may be transmitted through breast milk if infant is nursed by an HIV infected mother)
Occupation in healthcare or lab
Not by being bitten by mosquitoes or other bugs
Not by being bitten by an animal
Not by eating food handled, prepared, or served by someone with HIV infection
Not by sharing toilets, telephones, or clothes
Not by sharing forks, spoons, knives, or drinking glasses
Not by touching, hugging, or kissing a person with HIV infection
Not by attending school, participating in sports, church, shopping malls, or other public places with HIV infected people
How You Can Reduce Your Risk of Exposure and Infection with HIV
- Abstain from having sexual intercourse. Your risk of exposure to HIV through
sexual contact becomes zero when you are not exposed to potentially infectious blood, semen, or vaginal secretions.
- Develop a monogamous relationship with mutual fidelity. Persons who are not infected and in a monogamous (one sex partner) relationship with mutual fidelity (no cheating), have no risk of exposure to HIV through sex (provided neither shares IV drug needles).
- Avoid sex with persons at risk for getting HIV, persons who have tested positive for HIV, or persons who have AIDS.
- Use of condoms can reduce your risk of any sexually transmitted disease, but they are NO guarantee. Brand name latex is best.
- Dont abuse IV drugs. Dont shoot drugs, if you do, dont share needles or
syringes. Many diseases are spread this way (Hepatitis).
- If you think you may have been exposed to HIV, get counseled and tested. Refer to the listing below for free and confidential counseling, testing, referral, and information. (return to contents
South Dakota HIV/AIDS Statistics through December 2012
Number of South Dakota residents reported infected with HIV — 694
Number of the above that have been diagnosed with AIDS — 378
Number estimated be living with HIV/AIDS in South Dakota — 482
According to the CDC, the HIV epidemic is a serious threat health threat to Native communities. Although American Indians (AIs) and Alaska Natives (ANs) represent 1% of the U.S. population, they have historically suffered high rates of health disparities, including HIV/AIDS. Overall, approximately 18.1% of HIV-infected Americans do not know they are infected, while among AIs and ANs this figure is closer to 25%. AIs and ANs diagnosed with HIV infection or AIDS die sooner after their diagnosis than members of any other ethnic or racial group, suggesting that they may be diagnosed late in the course of their infections.
Symptoms of HIV Infection
- Once HIV enters the body, the body starts to produce antibodies—substances the immune system creates after infection.
- There are many different kinds of HIV tests, including rapid tests and home test kits.
- All HIV tests approved by the US government are very good at finding HIV. See the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Q&A on testing for more information.
Finding a Testing Site
- Many places offer HIV testing: doctors' offices, hospitals, and sites specifically set up to provide HIV testing.
- You can locate a testing site by visiting this Department of Health web page, the CDC HIV testing database or by calling CDC-INFO (formerly the CDC National AIDS Hotline) at 1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636) 24 Hours/Day. You do not have to give any personal information about yourself to use these services to find a testing site. (return to contents)
HIV/AIDS Prevention Project
South Dakota AIDS Hotline
Department of Health 1-800-592-1861 (in-state)
Department of Health HIV Counseling and Testing Sites - free confidential information and HIV testing
You may also contact a private physician to inquire about obtaining HIV counseling and testing; usually a fee is involved. (return to contents)